1 입니다 입니까 grammar lesson
2 입니다 입니까 이/가 아닙니다 examples
3 입니다 입니까 이/가 아닙니다
5 입니까 grammar
6 입니다 입니까 grammar
7 이다 grammar
8 이야 meaning
9 이/가 아닙니다
10 이/가 아니다
10.1 입니다 입니까 practice
11 입니다 입니까 difference
12 습니다 meaning
13 습니까 grammar
13.1 입니다 입니까 이가 아닙니다 Summary
14 What does Imnida mean?
입니다 입니까 grammar lesson
Today we are going to study 입니다 입니까 grammar along with 이/가 아닙니다‘. 입니다 means to be in English and it is used after the noun. And 입니까 is an interrogative form which is used to make questions.
입니다 입니까 are used in formal situations like in Newspaper, in TV News, Job interview, while talking to higher post or age persons. First of all, let’s look at how today’s grammar is used in sentences.
입니다 입니까 이/가 아닙니다 examples
이름이 무엇 입니까? What is your name?
제 이름은 이동화 입니다. 저는 이동화 입니다 Both can be used.
대학생 입니까? Are you a university student?
네, 대학생 입니다. Yes, I’m a university student.
한국 사람 입니까? Are you Korean?
아니요, 저는 한국 사람이 아닙니다. 저는 일본 사람 입니다. No, I am not Korean. I am Japanese.
가수 입니까? Are you a singer?
네, 저는 가수 ——. Yes, I’m a singer.
아니요, 저는 가수 가 아닙니다. No, I’m not a signer.
일본사람입니까? Are you Japanese?
일본 사람이 아닙니다.No, I’m not Japanese.
These expressions are used in more formal situations. In the hangul, some countries have different names than their English name. Learn about country names in Korean.
입니다 입니까 이/가 아닙니다
We’ve already learned ‘N이에요/예요’ and ‘N이/가 아니에요’. These expressions are informal, and used in an informal setting, for example, between friends, or in a classroom, or in a private conversation and when you are talking with someone who is smaller than tour age.
In this lesson we’ll learn formal expressions, which are used in a formal situations like a job interview, or in office, in official conversation
N 이에요/예요 (informal) – N입니다 (formal)
N 이에요/예요? (informal) – N입니까? (formal)
N 이/가 아니에요 (informal) – N이/가 아닙니다(formal)
입니다 is a formal form of (이)다 (to be). It is polite form and usually used in official works, news, when meeting with someone older/more respectful than the speaker or when meeting someone for the first time.
Let’s take a look at informal expressions first. The first sentence is to introduce your name, and the second sentence is to introduce your job.
“저는 얼준 이에요. (=I am Arjun.)”
“저는 요리사예요. (=I am a cook.)”
You can replace ‘이에요/예요’ with ‘입니다.’
So, they become “저는 얼준 입니다. (=I am Arjun.)”
“저는 요리사입니다. (= I am a cook.)”
There is the final consonant in ‘얼준’, and there is no final consonant ‘요리사.’ In both cases, you can use ‘입니다.’
If you are not sure about how to use ‘이에요/예요’, you can see this ‘Grammar Lesson.’
Whether the preceding noun has the final consonant or not, you can use ‘입니다’.
If the noun has the final consonant, like ‘얼준 (=Arjun), you can use ‘입니다‘. Also, if the noun does not have the final consonant, like 요리사 (=cook), you can use ‘입니다‘.
Now, let’s study the second formal expression 입니까 .These are the question sentences.
“얼준이에요? (=Are you Arun?)
“요리사예요? (= Are you a cook?)
You can replace ‘이에요/예요’ with ‘입니까’.
They become “얼준입니까? (=Are you Arjun?) and 요리사입니까? (= Are you a cook?)
얼준입니까? has final consonant(받침) and 요리사입니까? has no final consonant(받침). In both cases, you can use ‘입니까?’.
입니다 입니까 grammar
Whether the preceding noun has the final consonant or not, you can use ‘입니까’.
If the noun has the final consonant, like ‘얼준 (=Arjun), you can use ‘입니까’.
If the noun does not have the final consonant, like ‘요리사 (=cook), in the same way, you can use ‘입니까’.
이다 means to be, am, is, are, was, were in korean. It is used at the last of the sentence and 이다 converts into 이에요 and 예요 depending on the situation. If there is no 받침 (final consonant) 예요 is used and if there is a 받침 (final consonant) 이예요 is used.
뭐예요? What is it?
학교 이다. / 학교 예요. It is a school.
사과 이다. / 사과 예요. It is an apple.
책 이다. / 책 이예요. It is a book.
선생님 이다. / 선생님 이예요. I am/he/she is a teacher.
It also means is/ am/ are. 이야 is a lower or informal form of 이다. It is normally used with friends or small aged people.
정말이야. It is true.
거짓말 아니야? Are you lying?
This grammar is used to make negative sentences. Let’s take a look informal negative expressions first.
“I am not Arjun.” 저는 얼준 이 아니에요.
“I am not a cook.” 저는 요리사가 아니에요.
We’ve learned ‘이/가 아니에요’ Grammar Lesson.
If there is the final consonant in the noun, like 얼준 (=Arjun), you should use ‘이 아니에요.’
If there is no final consonant in the noun, like 요리사 (=cook), you should use ‘가 아니에요.’
Formal expressions are used in the same way.
If there is the final consonant in the noun, you should use ‘이 아닙니다.’ And, if there is no final consonant, you should use ‘가 아닙니다.’
If you are not sure about how to use ‘이/가’, you can see the Grammar Lesson ‘이/가 아니에요.’
It is the opposite form of‘-이다’ (to be) which means to not be in English. 가 아니다 is used when the noun a vowel at its ending, and 이 아니다 is used when the noun ends with a consonant. We can say 이/가 아닙니다 also while speaking.
물이 아니다. / 물이 아닙니다. Both means the same (It is not water)
If there is the final consonant in the noun, like 얼준 (=Arjun), you should use ‘이 아닙니다.’
‘얼준 (=Arjun)’ becomes ‘얼준이 아닙니다 (=I am not Arjun).’
If there is no final consonant in the noun, like 요리사 (=cook), you should use ‘가 아닙니다.’
‘요리사 (=cook) becomes ‘요리사가 아닙니다 (I am not a cook)’.
입니다 입니까 practice
마이콜 – There is the final consonant.
가수 – There is no final consonant.
영국 사람 It has the final consonant.
All of them should be 입니다
“마이콜입니다. (= I am Michael.)”
“가수입니다. (= I am a singer.)”
“영국 사람 입니다. (= I am England citizen.)
‘김 민조’ does not have final consonant.
선생님 has final consonant.
한국사람 has final consonant.
‘입니까’ should be in the blanks.
김민조 입니까? (=Are you Kim Minjo?)
선생님입니까? (=Are you a teacher?)
한국 사람입니까? (=Are you Korean?)
3 이/가 아닙니다
Now let’s make negative sentences.
비크톨 = has the final consonant ㄹ.
비크톨이 아닙니다 (=I am not victor)
가수 (=a singer) has the final consonant
가수 (=a singer) 가 아닙니다 = (I am not)
인도 사람 (=Indian)’ has the final consonant ㅁ
인도 사람 (=Indian)’ ‘이 아닙니다 (=I am not)
입니다 입니까 difference
To understand the difference between 입니다 입니까 let’s do some practice together.
수잔 씨 ——입니까? (=are you…..)?
네, 수잔 ——‘입니다’ (=I am……)
아니요, 수잔——이 아닙니다(I am not—–)’.
This time, he (수잔) replies negatively.
수잔이 아닙니다 No, I’m not sujan.
There is the final consonant (ㄴ)in the preceding noun수잔, so ‘이 아닙니다’ should be used.
입니까 is used for a formal statement, 입니까 is used for making questions (interrogative) and 이/가 아닙니다 is used to negate the statement.
It attaches after the verb or adjective ending and it is used in formal situations. 습니다shows politeness while speaking. when the verb or adjective stem has the final consonant, ‘습니다’ is used. Learn more from here
It is a formal polite ending form of a sentence in a question form. If a verb or adjective ending has a consonant 습니까 is used.
A: 밥 먹습니까? Did you have rice/lunch?
B: 네, 먹습니다. Yes. I had.
받다 becomes 받습니다 받습니까?
읽다 becomes 읽습니다 읽습니까?
입니다 입니까 이가 아닙니다 Summary
|Informal situation||Formal situation|
|N이/가 아니에요||N이가 아닙니다|
We’ve learned formal expressions: N입니다, N입니까, N이가 아닙니다.
In a formal setting like a job interview, and when you talk with someone formally you have to use 입니다, 입니까?
In a statement, you can use ‘입니다‘
In a question sentence, you can use ‘입니까?’
In a negative sentence, you can use ‘이/가아닙니다.’
입니다 means to be.입니까 is an interrogative form & used to make questions.입니다 입니까 are used after a noun and are used in formal conditions like in Newspaper/ TV News.
What does Imnida mean?
입니다 is the honorific form of “To be ”(is/am/are) and it is used for answering questions or saying facts. It is used in the present tense. (Imnida) 입니다 is used as a suffix for the last words of the sentence.
“Thisisorange” 이것은 오렌지입니다.
“Iama student” 저는 학생입니다.
“it is the red color” 그것은 빨간색입니다.
- Korean Verbs Come At The End. ...
- Korean Has An Implied “I” Pronoun. ...
- Korean Grammar Is Predictable. ...
- You Don't Say “You” In Korean. ...
- Korean Particles Show The Role Of Words In Sentences. ...
- Korean Has Topic And Subject Particles. ...
- Being Polite In Korean Is Super Easy.
And the best way to practice your Korean grammar is to create sentences instantly. Try having a complete conversation with a Korean native. They can listen and correct you if need be. If you're looking for a conversation partner, you can always look at HelloTalk, Tandem, iTalki, and other similar sites.What is the Korean grammar in order? ›
The Korean language word order is SOV. Therefore, the default grammatical order is always subject – object – verb.How is Korean grammar different from English grammar? ›
In Korean grammar, they have Subject-Object-Verb word order, which is the opposite of Subject-Verb-Object word order in the English grammar. Also, articles (like a, an, etc.) does not exist in Korean. This is sometimes the issue as to why some Koreans are having problems learning the English language.Is Korean grammar easy or hard? ›
How hard is Korean grammar? The basic rules for grammar are fairly easy, so you should be able to make sentences as soon as you are able to read Hangeul. That means you should be able to make a sentence in the first 2 hours of learning Hangeul. The sentence structure can be as simple as just a single word.Is Korean grammar hard? ›
Apart from its very different grammar style from other languages, it also uses extremely foreign vocabulary. Plus, there are honorifics and delicate nuances to its conjugation. As a result, this makes it more confusing. All this takes effort, a lot of time, and patience to grasp.Is Japanese or Korean grammar easier? ›
|Language Features||Korean Language|
|Grammar||Easier as the writing system is more simple.|
|Pronunciation||Words and sentences are simpler to pronounce as there are more vowels.|
The FSI puts Korean as a Category V language. Which means, it's one of the hardest languages to master. They estimate 2200 hours of study before you can reach fluency in Korean. Or 88 weeks of extremely intense study.Should I learn Korean grammar or vocabulary first? ›
Learning basic vocabulary makes learning grammar easier and vice-versa. Once you reach the upper intermediate level you'll come across more difficult and advanced level words that will help you in forming better and comprehensible sentences.How many tenses are there in Korean grammar? ›
In Korean, they have only three tenses: past, present, and future. In English, we have those tenses, as well as present progressive and present perfect.
- Yes: 네 (ne) / 예 (ye)
- No: 아니오 (a-ni-yo)
- Okay: 괜찮아요 (gwaen-chan-a-yo)
- Hello: 안녕하세요 (an-nyeong-ha-se-yo)
- Please (for requests): 주세요 (ju-se-yo)
- Thank you: 감사합니다 (gam-sa-ham-ni-da) / 고마워요 (go-ma-wo-yo)
- You're welcome: 천만에요 (cheon-man-e-yo)
- Excuse me: 실례합니다 (sil-lye-ham-ni-da)
The parallel between Korean and English words isn't the only easy part about learning Korean — Korean tenses and grammar are also much more straightforward than languages like French and Spanish.Can you learn Korean without grammar? ›
Understanding grammar is very important. But you need a good vocabulary to put it to use. According to the Pareto Principle, 20% of our vocabulary makes up 80% of everyday speech. This means that you only need the most common words and phrases to become fluent in Korean.What is the hardest language to learn? ›
Across multiple sources, Mandarin Chinese is the number one language listed as the most challenging to learn. The Defense Language Institute Foreign Language Center puts Mandarin in Category IV, which is the list of the most difficult languages to learn for English speakers.Which is harder Korean or Spanish? ›
Since you speak English, Spanish is much easier to learn. Since you use the same letters in English as in Spanish, learning the alphabet is just adding some accents here and there. Much of your first year learning Korean will most likely have to deal with just figuring out the letters and writing them out.What is the easiest language to learn? ›
- Frisian. ...
- Dutch. ...
- Norwegian. ...
- Spanish. ...
- Portuguese. ...
- Italian. ...
- French. ...
Generally speaking, we might assert that Korean is easier for an English speaker to learn than Mandarin Chinese. But this is very relative. In fact, the US Foreign Service Institute assigns Mandarin Chinese and Korean the same level of difficulty. Both languages are in “Category Four”.Can I learn Korean by myself? ›
Contrary to common belief, mastering this language is entirely possible if only you know the best resources and ways to do it. You can even learn Korean from the comfort of your home!Can I learn Korean in 2 years? ›
How long does it take to learn Korean fluently? It will take about 1200 hours to reach a high intermediate level. You'll need additional practice, so you may want to double that number to 2400 hours to get towards fluency. That would be about 23 hours of study per week for two years.What are basic Korean words? ›
- neh. Yes.
- ah-nee-oh. No.
- jwe-song-ha-ji-mahn. Please.
- gahm-sah-hahm-ni-da. Thank you.
- chon-mahn-eh-yo. You're welcome.
- sil-le-hahm-ni-da. Excuse me.
- ahn-nyong-ha-se-yo. Good morning.
- ahn-nyong-hee ga-se-yo. Good-bye.
To summarize, if you do not have high expectations and only aim to study and practice some words and phrases, Duolingo is fine. Beyond, try other resources like teachers, books, video lessons, and Korean language learning podcasts, to name a few.How many months to be fluent in Korean? ›
It takes about three months or 90 days to learn enough Korean to have at least 3-minute conversations in Korean if you study for 7 to 10 hours per week. Moreover, after one year of looking at this pace, you will become fluent and comfortable with Korean conversation.How long should I learn Korean a day? ›
It's recommended that you spend an hour a day studying the Korean language to become fluent. However, keep in mind that each individual will have a different learning experience. Depending on your circumstances, it may take you less time or more time.What are the 100 most common words in Korean? ›
|Rank||Korean Word||English Translation|
|1||것||A thing or an object|
|4||되다||To become / To be|
Relatively, Korean would be an easier language to learn. Thanks to its phonetic alphabet and more simplistic grammar rules, Korean is not the most challenging Asian language to learn. Chinese on the other hand is much more widely spoken. This means that finding study materials and practice partners would be easier.Is Korean a useful language? ›
It's within the top 18 most useful languages in the world, making it a great language to learn regardless of whether you travel for business or pleasure. Plus, the Korean alphabet is super easy to learn.Can Chinese and Korean understand each other? ›
No, they can't. Korean and Chinese can't understand each other. They have a distinctive language family, Chinese belongs to the Sino-Tibetan (also known as Trans-Himalayan family) while Korean is a Koreanic language (consisting of the modern Korean language collectively with extinct primeval relatives).How many words do you need to know to be fluent in Korean? ›
This concluded that you're considered fluent if you learn around 3,000 words in Korean.How hard is it to learn Korean if you speak English? ›
Well, for native English speakers, Korean may be particularly challenging due to: The complexity of the Korean writing system, Hangul. The different word order in Korean compared to English. The various levels of formality in Korean that dictate which words and grammar structures are used.What should I learn after Korean grammar? ›
Having once mastered Hangul, you can begin to form your vocabulary. Better to start with numbers (both Korean and Chinese numerals are used in Korea), days of the week, and simple conversational phrases. Then add words that are related to your reason for learning a language.
The only element that doesn't change its position is the verb, which comes at the end of the sentence. Korean is a verb final language in which word order is relatively free with verbs always fixed at the end of the sentence.Which language has the same grammar as Korean? ›
The geographically close languages of Japanese (part of the Japonic languages) and Korean (part of the Koreanic languages) share considerable similarity in typological features of their syntax and morphology while having a small number of lexical resemblances and different native scripts, although a common denominator ...How long does it take to learn Korean if you speak English? ›
According to the Foreign Service Institute (FSI), the agency in charge of training US diplomats, it takes a native English speaker 2,200 hours of dedicated study – or 88 weeks – to reach professional working fluency in Korean.Which language has the most tenses? ›
A Spanish verb has six present-tense forms, and six each in the preterite, imperfect, future, conditional, subjunctive and two different past subjunctives, for a total of 48 forms. German has three genders, seemingly so random that Mark Twain wondered why “a young lady has no sex, but a turnip has”.What is the polite ending in Korean? ›
'-아요/어요/해요' is an informal-polite sentence ending used to make statements or ask questions in the present tense. In order to conjugate a verb into the present tense, take the verb stem and add one of '아요', '어요' or '해요'. 1. If the last vowel of the verb stem is ㅏ or ㅗ, it is followed by 아요.Does Korean have the same grammar as English? ›
Like many Asian languages, the grammar is quite different from English. But like the grammar of any foreign language, Korean grammar follows rules and sentence structure that makes sense. In fact, Korean grammar is pretty straightforward.What makes Korean difficult to learn? ›
Korean language has a lot of connectors and sometimes the sentences can get really lengthy with so many connectors. Your poor brain will be busy figuring out the connectors in the first half of the sentence while your Korean friend would already have spoken 5 more sentences.Which is hardest to learn Korean or Japanese? ›
FAQs. Which language is easier to learn– Korean or Japanese? Korean is considered to be much easier than Japanese. There are more letters in the Japanese alphabet than in Korean. Japanese also contains more complicated Chinese characters and difficult grammar.Should I learn Korean or Japanese first? ›
If you're the type of learner who likes to jump right in and start speaking the language, Korean might be a better choice since it has a more straightforward grammar structure. On the other hand, if you like to take things slowly and really understand the rules before using them, Japanese might be a better fit.Can you learn Korean just by listening to Kpop? ›
If you don't have any Korean friends nearby, K-pop is a convenient and fun method to listen for proper pronunciation. Just tune into your favorite artist and sing along with the lyrics. You will become familiar with pronouncing Korean words in no time, and your Korean speaking skills will definitely improve.
How does Duolingo teach Korean? The first few lessons are all about Hangul. Then, you begin learning basic phrases, verbs, and sentences from a daily selection. Overall, Duolingo's study process combines various methods and exercises.Which is harder Korean or Japanese? ›
If you compare both languages, you will notice that both of them are equally challenging. The Korean language's writing systems are hard to learn, whereas the Japanese alphabet is complex to understand. 40 Alphabets, which makes creating and understanding sentences easier. Easier as the writing system is more simple.Can you be fluent in Korean in 2 years? ›
How long does it take to learn Korean fluently? It will take about 1200 hours to reach a high intermediate level. You'll need additional practice, so you may want to double that number to 2400 hours to get towards fluency. That would be about 23 hours of study per week for two years.What is the first thing you should learn in Korean? ›
If you are a beginner, then you should start with an officially polite style. Having once mastered Hangul, you can begin to form your vocabulary. Better to start with numbers (both Korean and Chinese numerals are used in Korea), days of the week, and simple conversational phrases.How many Korean words do you need to know to be fluent? ›
This concluded that you're considered fluent if you learn around 3,000 words in Korean.Is it easier to learn Chinese or Korean? ›
Relatively, Korean would be an easier language to learn. Thanks to its phonetic alphabet and more simplistic grammar rules, Korean is not the most challenging Asian language to learn. Chinese on the other hand is much more widely spoken. This means that finding study materials and practice partners would be easier.How accurate is Duolingo Korean? ›
Pronunciation is often incorrect with terrible quality
If you are a novice with little idea about this language, you won't learn meaningful on Duolingo Korean. If you know even a little Korean, you notice that many of the sounds are like each other and are not correct.
Rosetta Stone has unmatched experience, and the most effective language learning programs out there to help you build skills and confidence when speaking Korean. Whether you are just starting out as a beginning language learner, or an intermediate speaker, you'll be speaking Korean in no time with Rosetta Stone's help!